5 Common Signs of Depression

We all get sad at one point or the other when we have unpleasant experiences. However, feeling sad doesn’t mean we are depressed.

With these 5 common signs, you can tell if someone is depressed, on the condition that the signs last for at least two weeks and beyond.

  • Sudden Change in Behavior

The most common behavioral change in people going through depression is withdrawal. You just notice someone who used to be outgoing and lively is suddenly reserved, moody, and seldom talks. This can be a warning sign that the person is depressed, especially if the spell stretches for weeks or months.

Although not so common, the change can also be the other way round.

  • Nonchalance Towards Former Things of Interest

Another sign of depression is a lack of desire for pleasurable things, such as sex, hanging out with friends, or anything one used to love. This sign can also take the form of loss of appetite. This consequently leads to weight loss and in more severe cases, sicknesses and diseases due to malnutrition.

  • Fatigue, Loss of Focus, Insomnia

These are common effects of psychological stress. They however become a problem that requires urgent attention when they are persistent for a long time.

  • Incessant Drinking and Substance Abuse

In a bid to either forget their worries or restore life to their drowning souls, people experiencing trauma or mental stress exhibit this sign. Unfortunately, drinking and substance abuse only lead them further into depression.

  • Verbal Signs of Hopelessness

When people begin to speak lightly of their death, make hopeless remarks persistently or give indications of self-harm, it’s also a sign they may be depressed.

Depression goes way deeper than sadness and is more persistent. If a friend or loved one suddenly exhibits these signs out of the blues, you need to pay more attention to them.

Meanings of common mental health problems

Mental health problems are also called mental disorders or illnesses that affects your mood, behavior, feeling and thinking. Mental health problems can either be chronic or mild. And they affect your ability to communicate and relate with people each day.

Here are some common mental health problems you should know:


Everyone experiences anxiety but for some people, it gets to the extent when they are unable to control it. Anxiety becomes a mental health problem when the individual experiences fear, worry or anxiety that prevents them from carrying out their daily activities.


Depression is a mental health problem that occurs when an individual experiences low mood that goes on for a long while and affects their normal life.

This mental health disorder makes the individual to lose interest with what goes on around them, and it even affects their communication with people.

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that causes high and low moods. At intervals, an individual with bipolar disorder switches between being overly excited to being depressed. And this is usually exhausting for them.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD occurs when an individual is unable to get over a tragic event. When these individuals see anything that reminds them of that event, they get triggered and become unnecessarily anxious.

PTSD can go on for as long as possible and if they are not helped, individuals can have chronic anxiety.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

OCD is a mental health disorder that occurs when an individual experiences obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors. The individual first starts by processing excessive thoughts that breed repetitive behaviors known as compulsions.


Schizophrenia is a disorder that affects the thought pattern of an individual. It affects the way the individual thinks, feels and behaves. The individual becomes out of touch with reality, with slurred speech being one of the prominent features.

If you know anyone with these mental health problems, it is advised they seek help to get their lives back on track.

Benefits of mental health counseling

When it comes to mental health counseling, it is not just for people currently struggling with mental health. It is for people who had any mental health issue at any time.

If you are finding it hard to deal with stress, you have problems in relationship or anything that disturbs your mind, you can gain from mental health counseling.

Here are some benefits of mental health counseling:

Better communication and interpersonal skills

A number of people who are going through difficult phases of their lives do not know how to scale through. And one of the reasons why it keeps getting difficult for them is because they have not sought help in the right place.

With mental health counseling, it would be easy for you to communicate better and understand why you are unable to surmount any challenge.

Also, your interpersonal skills improves with mental health counseling as the counselor teaches you various life skills that would come in handy.

Improved self-esteem and self-acceptance

Several people who have mental health problems are struggling with accepting themselves. Most of them have self-esteem issues as their confidence has gone down the drain. For you to feel better about yourself and have a positive self-image, you need mental health counseling.

Mental health counseling helps to address any problem you are battling with. And when it is resolved, you will feel good about yourself.

Better decision-making skills

With mental health counseling, you are equipped with good decision-making skills. Moving forward, you will be able to decide what is good for you that will not damage your mental health.

Relief from mental health problems

If you have mental health problems like anxiety, depression, ADHD and the likes, you need mental health counseling. Mental health counseling helps you address these problems and ensures you have your mental health is in a good state.

Asides the points mentioned in this piece, it is expedient to note that mental health counseling comes with a truckload of benefits. Hence, from time to time, it is advised to book a session with a mental health counselor.


A good number of people have mental health problems, but they do not know that it exists within them. Mental health problems is also referred to as a broad range of mental health conditions, and these are disorders that disrupts thoughts pattern, behaviors and mood.

Examples of common mental health problems include: Anxiety, schizophrenia, depression, eating disorders and the likes.

People could also have mental health issues from time to time, and it becomes a mental illness when the signs are ongoing. The signs and symptoms can cause regular stress and it could impair the ability to function.  

The presence of mental health problems can induce misery and problems in your day-to-day life. This could be in relationships, work and the likes.

In a good number of cases, the symptoms could be managed with the integration of psychotherapy which is also talk therapy, and a combination of medications.

The symptoms and signs of mental health problems vary, and it depends on the circumstances, disorders and other factors. Someone who has mental health problems would have the feelings of being sad and dejected on a regular basis.

In addition to this, the individual would have confused thoughts and the ability to concentrate would be reduced. There is also a tendency for excessive worries and feelings of guilt to set in.

A good number of times, the symptoms of a mental health problem could show up like a physical problem, and this could be headaches, back pain, stomach pain and the likes.  There would also be some aches and pains that you would be unable to explain.

If there are signs or symptoms of mental health problems, then it is advisable to see a mental health professional. If not, a mental health problem if left untreated. It could also get worse over time and induce serious issues.

If you have a loved one who also has a mental health problem, then it is advisable to reach out to a health professional who can help.


It has been researched and confirmed that, the number of children who are getting addicted to either drugs or alcohol, are currently on the rise. Not disregarding the fact that there are a good number of reasons for this, the major focus is ensuring that children break free from whatever form of addiction which is holding them down, and they become well-meaning citizens of the society.  

If you have discovered that your child has been battling with addiction, there are some measures you can take to ensure that he or she is on the successful path to recovery.

The following steps listed below are quintessential tips which parents can employ in order to help their children break free from addiction:

  • Relationship strengthening: An individual who is down with addiction needs to be around people who love and care for him. During the addiction phase, it is normal for the addict to shut out people around him, thus causing a strain on the relationship bond existing between him and those around him. For a child, the case is quite similar, as he would be forced to believe that no one understands him. Hence, the need to remain on his own.
  • Positive behaviours encouragement and treatment: It is essential to encourage good behaviours for an addict to imbibe. If there is much premium placed on mistakes, and the inability of the child to make good decisions, it implies that their confidence would reduce, the same goes for their self-esteem. Hence, it is important that they are given the chance to try out healthy behaviours, take part in healthy activities, and stand up to all challenges.
  • Fix clear cut boundaries: It is important for you to set boundaries for your child. These boundaries would stand for the things you can, and cannot do for your child. They also stand for ways which people would treat you, and you treat them.
  • Make self-care a custom: Self-care is basically the process of ensuring that your needs are a priority, and it is an essential factor which parents need to employ in addicted children. When you make a move to provide for the needs of your child, you could get stressed out. Hence, there is a need for you to rest so that adverse mental and physical health conditions would not stress you out.

Treatment for Mental Disorders

mental disorder treatment

Mental disorders do not mean that someone is damaged goods or a throw away person, but they can have seriously damaging effects on a person’s life if they do not receive the help they need. Mental disorders can be overcome with work and commitment, or they can overcome a person if they are not tended to. The most important thing a person struggling with a mental disorder can do for themselves is receive the psychological treatment they need.

There are several different methods of receiving treatment for a mental disorder. Intensive counseling with a therapist who specializes in the particular mental disorder is the most highly recommended method of receiving treatment. If the disorder is occurring in tandem with addiction, residential rehabilitation is the best option. This condition is called a co-occurring disorder and requires even more expert treatment than simply a mental disorder on its own. A diagnosis for this condition should be made carefully and through more than one mental health opinion.

Time in a mental health treatment center will include a number of exercises, readings and counseling sessions that will guide the individual toward good mental health. These courses will begin to expose the underlying causes of the mental disorder and shed light on how to cope with and eradicate them. While psychological treatment is typically the most impacting form of treatment, it is very important that the individual treat their entire person, meaning physical health, relationships, life purpose, enjoyable recreation and spirituality all need to be nurtured as well.

People with mental disorders need to organize their diet and chemical intake around their disorder as a person’s chemical makeup plays a huge part in their mental health. The individual needs a strong, loving support system as one of its essential components. It is also very important that individuals with mental disorders discover a strong sense of life purpose as it is one of the essential components of mental health. Enjoyable recreation creates endorphins which generate happiness and good mental health, and determining what form of spirituality you follow is a mental health necessity.

Cultural Progress on Mental Disorders

Mental disorders have been misunderstood for much of history, and are still grossly misunderstood within some societal sects. In North America, a great deal of progress has been made in our understanding of what mental disorders are and how they need to be approached, but there is still a great deal of ignorance surrounding them. Stigmatization and persecution of mental disorder is still prominent within some demographics, and it is very important that awareness of and defense for mental disorders continues to be discussed.

When it is culturally acceptable to perpetuate and enforce stigmas about mental disorders, it does a great deal of harm to members of the society. Any persons that a society deems as “throw-away,” “damaged goods” or “broken” becomes the victim of a stigma, which damages the way the person views themselves. People who are struggling with mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety or addiction, are already mentally taxed more than the average person, and burdening them with judgment, shaming and stereotyping bars them from making mental progress.

Cultural awareness of mental disorders calls for a reversal of harmful stigmas and ignorant opinions. This is accomplished through current information sharing, both verbal and written, on mental disorders. Advocates for mental disorder awareness are vocal on the hardships, challenges and natural limitations that mental disorders entail in order to enlighten groups of people who have been previously misinformed. Some audiences are receptive and some are resistant, but the most important thing is that the word is being spread.

Mental disorders are not a defect, a character flaw or a reason to pass judgment on someone. They are complex mental problems that are both psychological and biological in nature, and they require a great deal of patience and understanding, not criticism and ignorance. It is time that our culture came to the defense of those struggling with mental disorders and offered them sympathy and protection instead of persecution.

Cultural Defense of Mental Disorders

Mental disorders are one of the most misunderstood conditions in existence. People who have mental disorders are some of the most mistreated people in any society. The mistreatment of people with mental disorders and mental illness demonstrates humanity’s failing to practice tolerance. However, it is not too late to change society’s attitude toward mental illness. If we hold one another accountable for our behavior, thought patterns and language, we can reverse the trend of discrimination toward those with mental disorders.

First, we need to stop considering mental disorders a defect. They do not make a person defective. They require a person to overcome more challenges than the average person, and for that, they should be commended. Some of the most brilliant minds and indisputable talents have come in a package that includes mental disorders. Living with them often open up mental barriers to understand sides of humanity that most people live their lives without ever detecting. To treat people with mental disorders like throw away people is to do away with many great minds. When someone with a mental disorder is properly encouraged and supported, they are often capable of incredible achievements.

Mental disorders require empathy, patience and understanding. They often take the form of a person with abundant mental abilities in one area and mental deficiencies in another area. This means that if the individual receives proper support through their dark times, they can emerge into their strengths and contribute exponentially to the marketplace of ideas. If intolerance and judgment are put aside and acceptance and understanding take their place, a person with a mental disorder can be someone who changes the world for the better.

Cultural Stigmatization of Mental Disorders

We are realizing that mental disorders are much more common than we originally thought they were through studies and the ever broadening access to information that we have. However, despite this awareness we are gaining, there is still a cultural tendency for us to stigmatize mental disorders rather than empathize with them. The reason for this is most likely due to our natural human intolerance. It is easier to blame someone for their shortcomings than it is to be understanding and accepting of them. We are in dire need to come together in support of people with mental disorders so that they can have a greater chance at overcoming them.

It is very typical for people to pass judgment on those with mental disorders. They are impatient with the symptoms of mental disorders so they write them off as character flaws and things the individual should merely know better than to do. This is very counterproductive to remedying the problem of mental disorders. This is a form of shaming people who are mentally ill and creating a stigma around them that makes it much harder for them to believe in their own self worth. Mental disorders are real afflictions and the appropriate response to them is compassion, not judgment.

Stereotyping of people with mental disorders is also an unacceptable way of treating people who are already more heavily burdened than others. When people stereotype individuals who have mental disorders, they reduce them to less than what they are. In psychology, when someone interprets another person to be much less complex than what they actually are, it is called “straw-man theory.” Using this thinking over another person shows a lack of critical thinking on the person’s behalf who is making the assessment, not on the one being assessed.

The appropriate way to approach mental disorders is on an individual basis, allowing for all of the complexities and intricacies that make a person what they are. Mental disorders are a psychological illness and cannot be cured  overnight. They need intensive care over a long period of time to eradicate.